Updated: Dec 30, 2019
The spread of nuclear weapons has been considered a grave threat to the security of the world at large. The debate is not so much about the use of nuclear technology, for the uses of nuclear technology in the development process of any nation has been well accepted. The debate is on the peaceful vs. the military uses of this technology.
This debate has complicated over the years as this technology has been acknowledged as being ‘dual use’ technology and as such it would be difficult to differentiate from the end use for which the technology is pursued. Yet, the debate on the proliferation of nuclear weapons has dominated the writings on international security.
The central concerns have been the horizontal and not vertical proliferation of these weapons. Policies of nuclear proliferation present interplay of two sets of issues: